About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 4660-4667
Publication year: 2011
ISBN: 978-84-615-3324-4
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 4th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 14-16 November, 2011
Location: Madrid, Spain

HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUT AND SUBSTANCE USE

G. Shams

Shahid Beheshti University (IRAN)
In this study, a systematic review of peer-reviewed, empirical literature published between 1990 and 2008 was undertaken to determine whether existing research could provide evidence, and a deeper understanding of the relationship between dropping out of high school and the use of substances such as tobacco, alcohol, cannabis/marijuana and other illicit drugs. Forty-six articles were reviewed. The review describes the heterogeneity of theoretical frameworks employed, as well as the limited ability of any one to adequately explain the relationship between high school dropout and substance use. A refinement of the many confounding and mediating variables into coherent conceptual categories would aid more robust theory building and theory integration. In spite of differences in dropout definitions and diverse measures of substance use across studies, the main findings point to a largely consistent relationship between dropping out of high school and substance use. However, socially disadvantaged and poor persons, dropouts, and drug users are over-represented in some of the loss to follow-up groups in longitudinal studies surveyed. More rigorous mechanisms to retain participants in longitudinal studies should be employed. Suggestions for future research include comparisons between urban and rural populations, employing qualitative research methods, and research in developing countries, which have the least favorable school outcomes and a dearth of research on high school dropout.
@InProceedings{SHAMS2011HIG,
author = {Shams, G.},
title = {HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUT AND SUBSTANCE USE},
series = {4th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2011 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-615-3324-4},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Madrid, Spain},
month = {14-16 November, 2011},
year = {2011},
pages = {4660-4667}}
TY - CONF
AU - G. Shams
TI - HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUT AND SUBSTANCE USE
SN - 978-84-615-3324-4/2340-1095
PY - 2011
Y1 - 14-16 November, 2011
CI - Madrid, Spain
JO - 4th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2011 Proceedings
SP - 4660
EP - 4667
ER -
G. Shams (2011) HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUT AND SUBSTANCE USE, ICERI2011 Proceedings, pp. 4660-4667.
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